Select questions have choices and you put these choices into the choices sheet then connect them to the question using a “list_name”.
- select_one (The user can only select one of the choices)
- select_multiple (The user can select multiple choices)
- rank (The user can rank the choices, that is order them)
In the paper survey shown below, question 2.7 is clearly a select multiple question. This is confirmed by the hint (select all that apply). It is not so clear that question 2.4 is a Select One question, however presumably because there is no hint telling the enumerator to select all that apply then only one should be selected.
One of the advantages of using phone based surveys is that the analyst has to explicitely set the type to select_one or select multiple and it will not be left up to the enumerator.
The question is linked to its list of choices through the list name.
The list name is not the same as the question name although often they can be set to the same value which can cause confusion. If a list of choices is only ever used by a single question then you may as well set the list name to the question name. For example if you have a question called q1 and it has a list of choices unique to it then call the list “q1” as well. Its question 1’s list of choices!
However if more than one question uses the same list of choices then the list name should probably relate to those choices. A common example is yes or no questions. Question 1 might ask “Are you married?”. An appropriate list name for the choices might then be “yes_no”.
There is a space between the question type and the list name but there can be no spaces in the list name or the question name.